Robot Cars

It seems somewhat of a nerd’s dream, but how likely is it to see a robot driving a car? We have the idea of small robotic toy cars and larger self-driving cars, so you may have thought that it was about twenty or so years in the future? But let’s take it slowly.

Why are robots seen as so different from an AI self-driving car?

There’s definitely something about them not looking human despite the fact that robots can look like anything.

There are a few self-defeating aspects and somewhat silly parts about the principles here. How would you even begin to get a robot to open the door or wind down the windows? But assume that you could get a walking robot in the driving seat and driving, what happens next?

You have a unit you can transfer from car to car for one. You can also see the driver – though you could say the same with a dummy, or a hologram, or even someone on the front seat who isn’t driving? Instead of improving the car you “only” need to improve the robot, rather than the self-drive of any specific car.

It’s also something which is using the steering wheel, so you still need the “old” or conventional parts of the car, not just the steering wheel but also the clutch, the pedals, the horn, whatever.

Another helpful factor is that the robot is able to leave the car, which it is possible to utilize by getting the robot to drive in enemy territory, make the robot leave the car and then blow the car up.

Now the bad points.

Just as with a car a robot can fail, it would need replacement bits. And how many robot technicians live near you?

Could a robot even sit in a human driver’s seat? More likely you’re looking into a whole new, more expensive interior.

No one really wants to see a robot driving a car, we only think we do.

There’s also the possibility of hacking if you’re talking about driving a car from afar. It is after all a computer.

How easy is it to teach a robot to drive? Can it respond to stimuli? Can it avoid obstacles? There’s even the weight problem when the robot attempts to move from car to car.

It’s also a painstaking process; it’s just quicker to build the AI tech into the car itself. But could this be seen as old fashioned in the future as all previous ways of driving are dropped.

So it’s a Terrible Idea? Well…Not exactly

Amazingly though, the start-up company IVObility developed a robot driver which saw the road ahead in 2020. Despite being lightweight enough, resembling a kind of stick figure, it wasn’t a robot as such since it wasn’t autonomous and relied on remote control, so more of a magic trick. It should be able to build a robot which learns from demonstration, but we’re not there yet.

The robot which drives a car may unfortunately lead to life-or-death situations. This is the true worry about the whole process.

Driving Myths – Fact or Fiction?

There are a great number of myths about what is permissible behind the wheel. This piece aims to set the record straight.

To start with, it is not illegal to eat or drink at the wheel, but it is inadvisable. You need to be able to concentrate. It is also not illegal to have an interior light on while driving but it’s fairly distracting. A police officer may want you to turn it off, though they are unlikely to stop you for it.

It’s not illegal to drive with headphones or earphones on, though it may distract you from the sounds of the road.

Many drivers feel that a speed camera only catches you if it flashes. But there’s only a few types of speed cameras which work that way. The driver is merely attempting to reassure themself that things are fine, but it may not be.

It’s not so well that you will get done even if you go slightly over the speed limit. This is rather debatable, you are supposedly allowed to drive at 10% over the speed limit plus an additional 2mph. It’s best not to as you could still get a fine or penalty points.

Another speeding rule is that a learner driver can’t be charged as they only have a provisional license. In reality though points on your provisional license became points on your main license.

Because too many drivers are stuck at the lights there is a myth about these too; that you can go through a light if you let through an emergency vehicle. Sorry, no it’s too dangerous.

There’s some rule suggesting that you can’t get round a roundabout three times in a row but again it’s wrong. As long as you obey the traffic laws, you’re fine, but be sure to obey the highway rules.

As for what people feel is legal when it’s not is flashing your lights at someone to let them out. It’s possibly too distracting for other road users.

It’s not legal either to pull over to the side of an actual freeway to check a map or phone, even if it is a minor offence. It just puts you into a potentially dangerous situation.

A minor offense also is to drive a car which has snow on the roof, though on a cold day many people may be tempted to let it melt.

Many people believe that tailgating – not leaving sufficient space between themselves and the driver in front – is not an offense, though many would be annoyed if it happened to them. The actual space depends on the traffic conditions, the weather and so on. It is always best to be reasonable and observant to other road users.

Yet another thing people don’t know they are doing wrong is keeping to the middle lane. The problem here is that it can cause the traffic to seize up. Sticking to the inside lane and using the other lanes to other lanes is a better way to go, or at least more legal.

Now own up, how many of these did you believe were illegal? Or conversely thought were okay?

Cars and Headaches

What causes headaches in a car? Some kids get headaches in a car watching TV or using tablets. The new car smell could start a headache, which does seem unfortunate if you’re lucky to be driving a new car.

Flickering lights may cause migraines – these are generally found when driving late in the afternoon or at night. A similar night-time concern is eyestrain. But driving in the bright sunny hours could also cause a headache, more specifically driving towards the sun’s glare which can be prevented by sunglasses. The beeping of horns and the rush of trucks doesn’t help either.

Migraines

Even worse, a specific type of migraine – hemiplegic migraine – causes a migraine on one side of the face. It is actually forbidden to drive or use machinery if you are prone to hemiplegic migraine.

Tinnitus, an ear-ringing sound, may affect your ability to drive.

Changing altitudes could also trigger a migraine.

Nausea and vomiting are associated with headaches and can be dangerous for drivers behind the wheel. Your vision may also be affected leading to blurred vision, seeing spots or not being able to see objects at the side of your vision which you normally would.

A little-known fact is that the posture of how you sit when driving can also cause headaches, such as not having your shoulders pulled back. This can put pressure at the top of the spine. A “posterior headache” or a headache at the back of the brain is common among truck drivers as the seat and inflexible kind, so it is better to adjust it for your height and make it as comfortable as possible. Having stretches at the usual rest stops can help prevent this condition.

A tension headache is specific to people who drive for long periods, especially on a cold day. It’s a dull head pain, different from a migraine. It’s not unusual to get facial pain.

Plan Ahead to Avoid Headaches

To reduce the chance of a migraine you should find time to plan ahead, know where you are going. To keep the pressure down, stick all your travel details together such as maps, booking info and so on. Eat well, no processed food, find a good source of protein, fat and fiber. Hunger means a decrease in blood sugar levels. There may be obstacles doing this at usual rest stops. Watch out for time zone differences too.

As well as food it’s a good idea to have a bottle of water handy as it can prevent being dehydrated and this can lead to a migraine. Bad drivers tend to clench their teeth or grind their teeth while in tough driving situations. But this tends to cause tension in the face and then headache.

Don’t overdo it, when not driving it’s best to take a break, especially if it’s a long journey.

If you do feel a migraine or headache coming on, pull off the road. If the migraine continues for some time – and unfortunately some of the worst headaches can continue for 3 days – get a friend to pick you up if it’s at all possible.

It’s always the best route to remain safe on the road.

Off-roading – Dealing with Emergencies

What happens when off-roaders get into difficulty? There are various problems that could occur.

Before you start off:

It is vital to tell someone where you are going and also when you believe you are returning, just for safety’s sake.

To reduce the damage of any off-roading exercise it is best practice to lower the tire pressure before you begin off-roading and get ready with the spare tire or the repair kit if something bad happens.

It’s a good idea to find an official off-road driving course, or “space” to practice.

There are other changes that will improve your vehicle such as changing your front fender and back fender to stronger examples. One thing you may not expect to need is a winch, but this is vital if you get stuck. It’s important that you get a new enough winch that it won’t rust up otherwise it’s no use to you.

Crossing Water

Rivers can prove tricky – is the bottom solid enough or is it a mixture of shallow and deep water? If it’s the latter, then it’s best not to cross.

Beware of traversing water that has strong currents, because even 4x4s aren’t cut out for them. Always move slowly through any water. When you leave the river check that the brakes haven’t been damaged. Most people don’t know that if you traverse through cold water you will need to change the oil.

If you plan to go into deep water, you will need to protect the car’s radiator somehow. This is one of many reasons why it’s dangerous for a novice to do so.

Hi / Low Gearing

The 4×4 HD High gives a day-to-day speed as well as splendid torque or traction. The 4×4 HD Low as you’d expect is low end power but is better if you are traveling long distances.

It is hard to understand what locking differential is – it’s to do with moving the right and left wheels at the same time. A differential allows your wheels to turn at a different rate which makes cornering a lot smoother when your tires are gripping asphalt. By locking the differential in a 4×4 you force the tires to turn at the same speed which can increase traction since a tire will continue to spin even when it’s broken lose from gripping the ground beneath it.

Some incidents with the transmission perhaps through wear and tear may occur, causing you to hear noises when you try to shift gears.

Undercarriage and Tires

People forget that the undercarriage, the area under the car, could get damaged. Bits are liable to leak, and parts could fall off. You may also be faced with a strange rattle that you need to investigate.

After going through various rocks and ditches your wheels may misalign. You should let go of your steering wheel and see if it pulls to one side. Driving over rocks may cause specific damages including scratches to the bodywork. It may be advisable to get stronger tires, it is best to talk to an expert.

In fact they make tires for rock climbing that are very different than tires for mudding. If you know you’ll be mainly doing one or another you should buy the best kind of tire for that use.

Off-Road Courtesy

It is always a good idea, if you see an off roader changing a tire, that you offer to help. Don’t worry, you won’t be running into other off roaders all that often. But it’s good karma all the same, and it’s an accepted courtesy among 4×4 enthusiasts.

Driving Phobia – What Can Be Done?

Why are there so many names for fear of driving? It has names like motorphobia as well as amaxophobia or ochlophobia. Well, there are a number of things about driving to be afraid of, if the act of driving isn’t enough on it’s own.

Mild Cases

Sometimes it isn’t all that severe, just a few symptoms such as sweaty palms, shortness of breath and a dry mouth whenever you feel like you don’t know where you’re going. Doing things such as visiting new places involves concentration as a driver. Having passengers can make it twice as difficult to perform new tasks. If you feel a bit “mazed” it’s a good idea to find a safe place to take a break.

Then there are the stronger fears. It may be caused at special places like driving over a bridge, changing lanes or driving at night. They fear something bad happening. They may also avoid specific roads, especially if it is connected with an accident. Sometimes they continue to drive more or less normally but suffer discomfort and distress.

An accident for example may possibly mean that you cannot go out in the car again. In some severe cases being adjacent to, or proxy of, can trigger a panic attack. For example, it can also be caused by being in heavy traffic even when you aren’t the one driving. Or, an acquaintance being in an accident not witnessed by you. Or  getting lost (especially in built up areas). In some extreme situations a person might be triggered even watching accidents on television.

Symptoms of amaxophobia include panic, confusion, palms sweating, and quickened heartbeat. It is always a possible to hyperventilate. They may attempt to apply brakes in the car while not actually driving – phantom braking, so a feeling that they aren’t in control and want to change things.

Treatment:

The treatment can include psychotherapy support or behaviour therapy. Having a fear of driving long term (presumably you continue driving) could lead to heart disease.

There may be a lack of understanding from your loved ones who just want a lift. Other people who may lack sympathy could possibly be your employers as many jobs require you to drive. So, your driving phobia could prove costly in the long run as it limit what you can do.

For all these reasons, it’s important to seek help as quickly as possible. Ultimately the best treatment seems to be going back to driving.

Other driving tips:

Other helpful tips are to drive during the day only and have someone with you as much as possible. You may find medication or support groups on phobia could help. Therapy may help get rid of the panic and negative thoughts. A more modern treatment is virtual reality, a type of exposure therapy in a simulated world. Performing the tasks you did in real life, but in a simulator could possibly boost your confidence.

When you return to the car it is worthwhile creating calmness in the car by soothing music, unless it’s at a point when you are tired in which case it’s a no-no. Also try to wear comfortable clothes and shoes. A business suit or similar may not encourage you and it’s likely that you will tense up.

It is unlikely that more experienced drivers will suffer from this condition, but they may do under enough pressure. Again, what is needed is a bit of sympathy if possible.

Looking for the Right Motorbike

Ducati Panigale V4R

How do you find the top motorbike for you? Let’s look at Ducati, they have a range of bikes such as an off-roader called the Scrambler, a racing bike, otherwise known as the Panigale V4R and so on. Your motorbike purchase is dependent on where you wish to drive it and it’s a good idea to look at the specialist brand which you like.

How does the power compare?

When it comes to learner bikes, sports bikes or the off-road variety it can vary between 250 and 400cc. The more retro bikes have a better range – between 600 and 900cc. There are even bikes which have a massive 1000cc or more known as superbikes.

It’s no good investing in a superbike expecting to be able to ride it when you have little experience. A mid-range sports bike may seem dull, but it’s a good place to start.

To give you more details about these bike types…

A beginner bike has an engine size that isn’t too daunting and is also easy to repair.

Retro bikes seldom have items like windshields but also have more power, either two or three cylinders. You might possibly consider them all-rounders.

Cruiser Style Bike

The adventure style motorbike can handle everything from mud to gravel. Sports touring is a subdivision of these types of bikes.

The cruiser has a striking design with a large engine and huge handlebars. If you wish to see the US coast-to-coast then the cruiser is the way to go.

The superbike is more dependent on aerodynamics to keep it on the road. Though as said above it’s daunting, there are still superbikes with less than 1000cc which are still thrilling to drive.

New Types of Bike:

Honda MiniMoto

There are a number of new types which the general public might not immediately call motorbikes such as the supermoto, the minimoto and the electric motorbike. These may cause you some difficulty: the minimoto is not suitable for interstate roads for instance and electric motorbikes are difficult to recharge when far from home. But they have the plus point of being new and exciting.

Limited Editions:

Ariel Ace Iron Horse

The more expensive bikes tend to be limited editions, and many are only available unofficially.

There are lightweight versions such as Ariel Ace Iron Horse, thanks to its skeletal look. It may seem like a sportbike but it’s so much more.

Although older bikers remember Marlon Brando or James Dean these names aren’t going to cut it for the early twenties market. So, Harley-Davidson (the cruiser type referred to above) are going for unique names such as Neiman Marcus Limited Editions.

Repair:

When it comes to maintenance motorcycle engines tend to be more specialized than car engines. In terms of repair with more select models you may be better off just buying a new bike. That’s the thing with niches though.

For example, the Ducati Panigale V4 is made of exotic material such as carbon fiber and weighs less than 200Kg. So you’re not running down to the parts store for a replacement to bolt in.

There’s a few bikes out there with carbon fiber such as the Suzuki AEM which is great at handling and is comfortable, but is it worth the price? It’s all down to you.

Various Obstacles On The Road

It would be perfect if there was nothing encroaching on your driving, but the real world doesn’t work like that. You must navigate some problems out there–including slow moving vehicles, pets, bridges, barriers, and traffic cones.

Slow Moving Vehicles

Slow moving vehicles could be anything from horse drawn vehicles, tractors and ride on mowers even. If you are driving on an interstate highway you shouldn’t encounter them, it’s the little roads when they become an issue. If possible, you should look for a safe place to pass. Watch out for a long single line of traffic with no obvious explanation. Don’t just fly past everyone as there may be a horse drawn vehicle or a bicycle up ahead. If other vehicles seem reluctant to pass, there’s the flimsiest chance they are right?

Pet’s

Pets are a problem in more suburban areas, cats are especially likely to run into the road. It is always best to maintain a slower speed in order to watch out for animals crossing. If you hit an animal you must make contact with the owners. With farm animals and wild animals you should alert the authorities. It’s a rigmarole but it helps to obey the law in these matters.

Bridges

Virginia’s Oldest Covered Bridge

Hump bank bridges, draw bridges, or swing span bridges should be approached with caution as the road gets narrower. As you pass the top of the bridge the car has less traction and so becomes harder to brake and steer. Another reason to slow down is that your suspension can be damaged if you hit a bridge element at speed.

You should be prepared to stop as there tends to be one line of traffic or there may be pedestrians or cyclists on the bridge blocking your passage. You must check your mirrors to see if the way is clear. Move slowly until you’re completely satisfied.

There are additional problems if you are driving a long vehicle. If there is a curved approach you need to exercise caution and skill, you need to be sure how your vehicle turns. If at all possible, you should attempt to avoid the bridge altogether, try another route.

The sickness in the stomach which comes from crossing this type of bridge is due to it being linked to acceleration followed by deceleration.

If you keep going over humped bridges or road humps your tires will become distorted and the suspension will be affected. But it’s a little-known fact that cars going over bumps can cause damage to the roads, sidewalks and even nearby buildings. It may cause damage to your body – around the neck and lumbar (back) region.

Barriers

Barriers are meant to stop you from colliding with things such as rocks, buildings and so on as well as keeping you away from pedestrian areas. They may well harm your car more than whatever they’re keeping you from hitting.

Traffic cones date back to the 1940s – another obstacle to watch – they replaced wooden structures which indicated the road was being worked on, which sounds as if it created more accidents than it solved! A later innovation was to make traffic pillars, which aren’t as popular. Traffic cones are inexpensive, remarkably easy to see and can be used to close down lanes or guide drivers around obstacles in the road.

Here’s to an obstacle-free journey and the lure of the open road.

The Origin of Sports Cars

As we’ve said in other articles (links) differentiating car categories is a game with blurry lines. The goal of a sports car is to maximize, or prioritize, dynamic performance. It’s technically possible for an SUV, Truck, or Coupe to become a “sports” version if the performance ranks equal to the other aspects of those models. It’s difficult, however, for a passenger or commuter car to have a sports model as the priorities are less compatible.

Sports cars are a strong seller, despite being a less practical car than say a commuter car. The companies which created sports cars at the beginning of the turn of the twentieth century still make sports cars today. One reason could be that people see cars on the racetrack and wish to purchase something similar. Another, oft-given reason is to the thrill of driving. So, there has always been a potential market here.

Going Back to the Early Days

McLaren F1

The term sports cars has its origin in 1919 in the UK but the first reference in the US was in 1928. These were two-seater cars without fixed roofs. It was only after 1970 that you would see a sports car with a fixed roof. These types of cars were previously known as grand tourers. We would later get sports cars which have three seats, one seat for the driver and two for the passenger, such as the McLaren F1 in the 1990s.

But we are getting a long way ahead of ourselves. In the early days there was no real distinction between sports and other cars, apart from the two seats (like the modern-day coupe) and there were early models with four seats, like sports sedans.

The names of the first sports cars are still popular today – Bugatti, Ferrari and Aston Martin.

Not all Sports Models are Still Around

Prince Henry 1914 Oldest Sports Car in the World

One name which has been lost is the Prince Henry Sports Torpedo. This type of car would be easy to overtake by today’s racers as it only reached 80mph. It did stun hundreds at the track, however.

Other long forgotten examples include the Hewson Rocket, which was created in Hollywood, California and the Wildfire which resembled a Jaguar in design with its lightning 6 cylinders and fiberglass body producing something not exactly stable.

The Mercer

The Mercer was created by 1911 in New Jersey, developed by the Roebling family. It was a bit of a stretch them as they had previously specialized in the manufacture of wire rope and designing bridges. They joined up with the Kusers, big names in banking and brewing alcohol. So evidently a group of just plain businessmen who knew where the action was.

Mercer Type 35R

The first Mercer factory was a converted brewery and was named Mercer after a county in New Jersey. It created the Type 35 Runabout, another two-seater racing car this time with 55 horsepower.

It managed to win five out of the first six races it entered, unfortunately losing in the first Indy 500. Although prized for its brilliant handling this was not enough to save two racers who collided “on the track” in Elgin and the adverse publicity meant that racing had to stop – please note that this was in 1914—before fans started coming to the track specifically to see the wrecks. It is a shame that later designs weren’t as good as the Type 35R.

It’s hard to comprehend the slowness of the early sports car when you look at most cars today – not just sports cars, any cars – but at least they are now safer by an astonishing degree. Which is probably just as well.

In-Car Air Quality Innovation; the Crispify Story

It sounds obvious but the air you breath is important, not just that you get enough, but that it’s clean. Just like our taste buds go blind to a higher than healthy sodium level in our diet our noses go blind to air that’s not really fit to breath. For people with asthma or COPD the air must be clean or they’re in danger, but even if it’s not a health risk, it’s unpleasant to breath bad air.

All modern cars do something to filter air for both the vehicle and the passengers. Just look at these pictures of places that haven’t yet addressed air pollution. The pollutants don’t have to be visible to the naked eye to be something you don’t want to breath in.

Crispify is one company taking on in-cabin air quality. This Israeli based start-up set out to apply cutting edge technology to the user’s air quality experience. They’re able to transform any climate control system into a smart Air Quality Management solution capable of identifying and mitigating pollutants, and more.

They do this through AI powered monitoring and analyzing platform harvesting data from inside and outside your vehicle to achieve unmatched air quality.

Fleet Applications:

A side benefit of the air quality technology is its fleet applications. Of course, enhanced passenger wellness is a bonus but the same technology can allow employers, rental fleet owners, even rideshare owners to know if passengers are violating smoking policies. By maintaining the best possible air inside a vehicle, the car will be fresher for the next user, which aids in customer satisfaction.

Without having to invade privacy the way camera monitoring does, air monitoring can check in-vehicle condition. Is it time to clean or change the upholstery? What if your car sent you a message to notify you?

Features include:

  • Real Time Monitoring.
  • Virus and Bacteria Checks
  • A crisp score (rating the current air cleanliness)
  • Trends and Metrics of your vehicle over time
  • Recommendations (identifying vehicles that could cause problems over time.)
  • GPS (Don’t’ go to the expense or trouble of installing a separate service, it’s included)

Another side benefit to rideshare owners is the increased confidence customers have in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Fleet Conversion:

The Canary Device by Crispify is an aftermarket device that installs easily as a plug and play device should. There’s no need to replace your fleet just to gain the useful features of this technology—simply retrofit your current fleet. The MaaS software will expand easily with each new license purchased as a monthly subscription.

The optional API also allows for integration with common fleet management software or built-in infotainment systems.

Possible Life Saving Technology

Crispify doesn’t just protect against the long-term problems from chronic exposure to pollution. High levels of CO2 can cause drowsiness which can be life threatening when operating a vehicle.

Toxic Chemicals are used or incorporated in many interior parts of a vehicle. If heat, age or improper installation has allowed some of these chemicals to leak into the car’s internal atmosphere it could cause skin, eye, nose or throat irritation which could send false messages about health condition. Who wants to go to the doctor with a mysterious rash when you actually need to take your car to the mechanic?

Making a Splash

Crispify is starting to get noticed with press coverage on platforms like TechCrunch, Embryo, and GeekTime.

Crispify is partnering with other forward-thinking companies so look for them to be a part of the future of cars for many years to come.

They’ve partnered with Avis Budget Group, Tesla, Connetic Ventures, Hatcher +, GoAhead, AWS, Techstar, Plug and Play, & Fusion LA.

We look forward to potentially interviewing them sometime in the future. Until then…you can do your own digging on the website Crispify.io

Cars and Water – A Good Mix?

It would go without saying that automobiles do not go well with water – or do they?

Design

Most car design is inspired by planes, but are they any that are inspired by boats? Rolls Royce’s Nautical Wraith is one, but it may be a one-off. All we know about availability is – not for the UK. Possibly US? It has a dashboard made of Tudor Oak. For those who don’t know, Tudor Oak is a dark green version of oak with a noticeable number of knots.

Before the Wraith came the Nautical Phantom which had an anchor design.

Rolls Royce is being a bit cagey on the price of the Wraith too. It has a blue shade (known as Arabian blue) with a white roof. Definite a nod to a millionaire’s yachts.

Rolls Royce is one of the few bespoke car manufacturers to actually try their hand at boats – Ferrari, McLaren and Lamborghini have also produced examples too.

Yacht Rock

A now forgotten type of car was known as Yacht Rock. It was used in the 1970s and early 1980s and was named after certain jazzy songs on the West Coast, known as the West Coast Sound.

Acts Associated with Yacht Rock:

Yacht rock is a broad music style and aesthetic commonly associated with soft rock, one of the most commercially successful genres from the mid-1970s to early 1980s. 

Wikipedia

Examples of such cars are Lincoln Continental and Chevrolet Caprice. It’s not immediately clear the connection with nautical matters apart from the yachts in the background of their marketing.

The cars drew inspiration from the music, which drew inspiration from the yachts. There’s a certain feel to smooth music that suggests a nautical environment, which somehow made some people think of fast cars. The cars were mainly American, although there were some Japanese and British pretenders which also wanted to embody this type of music.

The Jeep Wrangler??

The Jeep Wrangler is inspired by a light sailboat which is apparently the reason for its strong white color. The interior resembles a sailboat too with naval white leather (naval officers generally wear white) as well as a deck floor mat. It also comes with a white awning.

Moving from cars slightly linked to water to those immersed in the substance…

Many cars that get caught in floods do not have the correct insurance, though if you usually park in a place and it suddenly becomes flooded then it should be covered by insurance.

When they are sold they tend to be in a substandard state—all dried out, but does that mean they’re good as they were before?

To repair a flooded vehicle requires an experienced mechanic. To do it yourself will cause too many problems. Even when they are fixed there will be chances of electric defects and so on.

You need to look at the suspension joints, which can be rusted, and get the car cleaned to remove mold. The lights and the brakes may also need replacing.

But all this is useless if it is flooded with sea water. Despite what you remember from James Bond films it’s completely undrivable and should be scrapped.

If the fuse box was submerged it should be replaced as should the control modules. The control modules are the various electrical engineering of the vehicle. If you don’t replace them it will fail after a while, even if it works okay now.

They are probably best being scrapped in any case as the interior will stink!