The Future of Transportation

OP-ED by Stephanie Larson

With the interstate building project of the 1950s, most U.S. cities suddenly became connected by paved roads. What was once dirt and gravel roads became paved asphalt highways. For car lovers, these highways were a dream come true. Drivers finally had long stretches of paved roads where they could see what their vehicles could do.

Some thought the interstate system was the future of transportation, but technology is advancing and changing how drivers get around. Here are some automotive advances you should watch for in the coming years.

1. Self-Driving Vehicles

Autonomous vehicles are already here, and several car manufacturers have models slowly making their way up the guideline levels set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. There are four levels and two sub-levels vehicles have to pass before considered fully-automatic and safe to drive.

Most self-driving models are at level one. The vehicle reliably provides drivers with warnings and information. Some vehicles are in the early stages of level 2 for automated parking and highway driving. However, Google is currently the company ahead at level four. While the company’s vehicle is fully-automated there are still a few glitches that need to be worked out.

Soon, your car may be the one driving instead of you.

2. All Electric Vehicles

Hybrid vehicles are becoming more common as technology progresses. The batteries are capable of holding a charge longer and the vehicles are getting a little bigger instead of smaller. All electric models still won’t be larger than a small sedan for quite some time.

One of the appeals electric vehicles have is its simple components. Without the need for gasoline, several components will no longer be necessary. The essentially scale-downed vehicles are also expected to cost consumers less in the purchase price and maintenance.

These advancements in technology have even lead Bloomberg New Energy Finance to predict electric vehicles will comprise 35 percent of worldwide car sales by 2040.

3. Self-Driving Electric Vehicles

It’s not uncommon for technologies to mix. Smart cars owe their intelligence to computer technology. It’s not too far-fetched to imagine smart electric cars. Automobile manufacturers with eminent plans to release self-driving technology in 2022 now include giants like Ford. However, the automotive giant plans on using the technology in their hybrid vehicles first.

In the future, ride share services like Uber and others could do away with their drivers. When you use the app to order a ride, a self-driving electric vehicle shows up. Instead of bus drivers and train operators, public transportation could also become fully automated, along with electrically powered.

With these vehicles, you are the passenger.

What These Changes Mean For You

It’s impossible to stop technology advancing and this means changes, even in transportation. Self-driving cars, both gas and electric will be on the roads in the future. However, this doesn’t mean that your love of the open road has to change.

Electric cars don’t have the ‘oomph’ that an 8-cyllander engine has. Self-driving vehicles are still crashing into things on road tests. However, these glitches will be fixed, and these automobiles will become a common sight on the interstate.

There is one thing that will remain the same regardless of how far technology goes. Vehicle maintenance will always be important. Even self-driving electric vehicles need regular tune-ups. You will also want to keep an eye on the battery condition. This is something that you should still be doing regularly whether you drive a hybrid or have a gas engine.

The Story of the Drive-In

Like any cinema, a drive-in is a cinema with a large movie screen, projection booth, a stand selling snacks or drinks and a large area to park your car. What’s different is that instead of rows of seats, you have rows of parking spots and everyone views the movie from their car. Instead of buying individual tickets you generally pay by the carload.

As well as snacks and drinks, the drive-in was linked to larger restaurants – one business supporting the other, you might say.

There are drive-in theaters throughout the world; the first modern drive-in opened in 1933 in New Jersey, but it soon gained a cult following at about the 1950s.

Many old theaters appear on the National Registers of Historical Places. The 66 Drive-in at Carthage Missouri on US Route 66 is the oldest drive-in still going. It showed its first movie in 1949.

Mobmov is a worldwide network of guerilla (unofficial) drive-in theaters. It uses car powered video projectors and transmitters. This was begun in 2005 in San Francisco and all the shows were free.

The Early Drive-Ins:

The earliest drive-ins include The Theatre de Guadalupe in New Mexico, 1915, which only ran for a year. The first film presented was Bags of Gold.

The 1932 Hollingshead Theatre used a Kodak projector on the hood of a car. It was also necessary to set some of the vehicles on blocks so all viewers could see the screen. It offered 400 slots and advertised it as families welcome -not something you tend to see at cinemas today. The first movie was Wives Beware. Hollingshead ran it for three years without making a profit.

The problem could have been the sound issues, in regular theatres the speakers were high up on towers which unfortunately meant the sound wasn’t in sync when it traveled across an entire parking lot. In 1931 one solution was introduced, having a row of speakers in front of the cars. By 1941 you could control the sound using your own in-car speakers.

What’s the Draw of Watching a Moving in your Car?

The popularity of drive-ins could be due to it being the early days of cinema, how exactly do you watch this movie? It tended to be more popular with teens than older people, it could possibly be somewhere to take your car, and usually at this time, your date. Teens had a limited number of places to spend time with a date, this was the most privacy you could find while still being in public.

The reason why drive-ins began to fail may have been linked to the Uniform Time Act. Because drive-ins took place outside and during the evening the level of light is important: you can’t show movies in daylight. There was, no doubt, good reasons for increasing the hours of sunlight in the summer months, but it wasn’t conducive with running a drive-in.

After the 1960s the number of drive-ins shrunk from over 4000 drive-ins to a mere 325. It might just have been the light-after all it doesn’t affect patrons in the Spring, Autumn or Winter. Maybe the novelty had just worn off?

In replicating this American institution, businesses have looked for creating Art-deco sign displays and looking for sponsors to fund their enterprise. As with everything else promotion on Facebook and Twitter works wonders. Many people look for drive-ins to make a comeback under the current lock-down conditions. Only time will tell.

Best of the Web: Lordstown Motors

Original story link

A lot has happened since June when Lordstown Motors announced their Endurance–the EV Truck. This article reminds of the grand vision of Lordstown motors.

“In a dramatic turn, one of the big questions left unanswered at the launch of the Endurance — namely, where the money to build it would come from — has been substantially addressed. In early August, Lordstown announced a merger with a “special purpose acquisitions company” called DiamondPeak Holdings. The merger will let Lordstown be publicly listed on the NASDAQ and generate upwards of $675 million of new investment to nudge the Endurance toward production. The deal should be finalized by the fourth quarter of this year, potentially setting Lordstown’s assembly line in motion — and starting to fill a claimed $1.4 billion in orders — in the second half of 2021.”

Peter Hughes

Car Gorilla Adverts

Op-Ed By Wimsett

Guerrilla marketing for cars seems to suggest too many young guns given too much money. If it’s to show how wonderful the car is, that’s all to the good, but a weird idea doesn’t automatically sell the car. You need to think about your advertising in greater detail.

It’s not as if you can replace each billboard with a guerrilla campaign, it’s something you can only do in huge built up areas. And as suggested above, it’s a bit hit and miss.

However it does give a humorous direction to tempt potential buyers, particularly those who don’t respond to TV or radio adverts or even those Facebook adverts. In other words, advertisements for people who don’t respond, or feel they don’t respond to mainstream commercials.

Some campaigns do seem better than others, Honda’s “The Power of Dreams” seems memorable. But a large funnel of knickknacks going into a back of a box containing a Honda doesn’t necessarily work.

It does tend to be the more expensive cars such as a huge monster hand coming from nowhere holding a BMW or a Mercedes Benz apparently crashing through a poster. Maybe you remember an Alfa Romeo in a tiny shopping cart (held in place by ropes) or a SEAT, S.A. in a large plastic box where it is slightly obscured? No?

Then there was the mini cooper campaign which showed a conveyor belt with baggage coming out of it or a Renault in a giant snow globe. Or things like a car held in place by a giant bike lock or an upside-down car apparently being held in place by chewing gums. Then you have Smart Cars apparently being dispensed by a giant vending machine. Ideas about size and having the car at funny angles seem to play a part in most of these guerrilla ideas.

You might like an idea which includes technology and access to information as this is what 70% of car users are interested in. Could it be turned into a video? Video is what convinced 61% of potential buyers to buy a car in 2019. It makes sense-a moving image is much more convincing than a stunt in a mall.

What are we supposed to make of these ideas? There could be a link to economy in design with the vending machine or the giant bike lock ideas, you’re buying these because it’s a small car. The conveyor belt idea meanwhile must surely indicate a spacious trunk. Or the snow globe a celebration of the Christmas season as well as an advertisement for the car. Most ideas do seem a bit of a mishmash.

It should be pointed out that there is difficulty in coming up with a campaign to indicate a family car or a car for the older market. In these cases, your best bet is to rely on traditional advertising techniques.

Despite this young buck feeling of using obscure ideas and concepts there must be something profitable occurring or else it wouldn’t continue. It goes without saying that just because a crazy ad catches your eye, doesn’t mean you buy the car without further research.

French Cars

Oldtimer Citroen C2v

From the UK Desk

Why haven’t French cars conquered the US and Canada? Well, it’s complicated.

Despite the Citroen’s long history-it began in 1901-it has yet to challenge the USA or Canada. They’re onto a winning formula, because there are many similar cars such as Renault or Peugot.

There is a wide range of Citroen cars, from city cars and family vehicles to subcompacts and MPVs. The 2CV was the first subcompact. It is able to transport up to 5 people. As with every small car it is about being economical.

C2V

If you can get hold of a Citroen, there is a host of classic features. The C1 is about being advanced and stylish. The petrol is 3 cylinders and the diesel is 4 cylinders. They have a host of features such as a reverse camera to eliminate blind spots. There is also a “Mirror Screen,” a touchscreen which enables you to see more. The Hill Start Assist allows the car to be held in place on a slope.

There’s a keyless entry which you may have encountered before: the car can be opened remotely even if you keep your key in a pocket. A built-in camera may be used to send videos and photos. So, for technical features alone it has an edge on many competitors?

Could you buy an exported model? Maybe, but it wouldn’t pass the US or Canada’s safety tests (US tend to drive invested and its test must allow for this. But many foreign cars do not pass muster. However, Citroen has still been successful in South America or China.

It does work in the other way round. Subcompacts work well in the US but it is not economical to ship such designs from Europe.

It’s interesting to see that cars such as the SUV are much more suited for the US market, rather than the smaller car. Though something like the Citroen DS historically could have done well in the US but it seems its time has gone.

The Peugot meanwhile started as various coffee mills and bike factories as long ago as 1810. In 1889 they created a steam driven car until finally moving onto a car powered by internal combustion. As well as domestic cars they became known for racing cars.

Renault has also moved into motosports. They were founded by two brothers and by 1907 most of the London and Paris taxis were built by Renalt. Also, in this year they became a US brand. They also moved into agricultural vehicles and tanks. Of course, lately they are moving into electric cars, it’s the trend. The Morphoz can be transformed from a short city car to a wider country car with both a wider exterior and interior. The Artificial Intelligence used in the guidance system is another selling point.

The US and Canada market tends towards American cars, which may be partly because many US cars are built in Canadian plants. (The runner up type of cars being sold are the Japanese and German.) But then again, the best manufacturers always find a way, even if the French manufacturers have been at it for a very long time.

Optimizing Car Sales

Although we associate optimising with virtual car sales even brick-and-mortar sellers need an online presence as most customers browse the websites – where else? – before braving the dealership floor in person. The average customer only physically visits two dealerships before making a decision.

It confuses the issue of you are selling a range of used cars as it’s hard to find the right keywords. Then you’ve the added complication as many sites also have to handle warranty work and various repairs, you might also have to cope with more than one location.

One option is have more than one website, one for new vehicles, one for used and one for services. You can alter the theme (color, pictures, etc) to optimize results. Remember to optimize the images, optimize your specific location and so on.

People rely on reviews, now more than ever. You’re priority is to get lots of good reviews, but how and what makes a good review. A customer that receives terrible service is way more likely to leave a review that one that is pleased with their treatment. The most popular review sites are Yelp and Google. Both sites have strict policies against trying to influence reviews but of the two, at Google will hear an appeal over a bad review. Yelp really never takes down a bad review, so avoid sending anyone there if possible. Also, be aware that a good review is a bad review. No one wants to come to a dealership and get treated okay. They want exceptional service. So, unless the reviews are brilliant, they won’t help you.

The first expert to higher is an SEO, or search engine optimization specialist. Get them to review your website and help you reconstruct it so that Google web crawlers can see it. The good news is that people are searching for your service. The bad news is that only the first few results will be seen. You need to show up at the top of the list.

Next expand your visibility by hiring social media marketers to put your products in front of customers who are most likely to look for your type of vehicle. The way to go might be video, get your best customers to make a video of them driving their prized vehicle.

When hiring an online marketer, the key is finding one who can optimize your campaign. Anyone can run an ad campaign, but you need one who will find a tight knit ad group and keywords to appeal to them. By using ad extensions, you can get the customer to the right landing page. Your campaign needs to include the ability to obtain vital info, such as what car they are looking for, even if they search something like “family car.”

If you don’t want irrelevant searches you can add negative keywords. You don’t need to concentrate just at Google, look at other search engines and social networks. It could be better to dominate Bing than to rank mid-range on Google

Key words aren’t rocket science but there is an art to it. It’s important not to look at anything too obvious like “New Toyota,” “Toyota Exchange” could be more useful.

Look for trends-when do people tend to buy cars? Look to at the targeting options. Some people are looking for company cars.

Look at unique offers, a discount for new buyers and free oil changes. Look too at all the call features, your marketing professional can get you. Where are your calls coming in from?

Keep your customers engaged. Send texts with service and maintenance tips. Re-engage past clients based on purchases and family size, write personal emails with promotions to their specific needs.

On your website all pages should be optimized. It’s advisable to look at how to present your cars virtually. Make sure you buy adwords that target your location.

Bottom line, you can drive yourself nuts trying to market online, or you can hire a pro.

Car Controversies

Rare 1974 BMW 2002 Turbo

In such a huge industry like the vehicle industry, you are bound to have a controversy or two. They pop up every so often. Some controversies are just about cutting corners to get round safety standards or environmental law. Others are life or death.

Generally speaking, businesspeople will keep to the rules though with the amount of money involved, there will always be a company willing to bend the rules if an investigative journalist is determined to find one.

Emissions Testing Controversy

One of the more recent controversies was the emission test scandal discovered in 2014. It was associated with VWs but it affected Chrysler, Nissan and Mercedes. It boils down to the same model vehicle showing different levels of CO² in American and European tests. There might be slight fluctuations in the test but not as much as the results submitted. Something was off it seems.

It’s not the first time that these emission tests have caused problems. In 1973 the “ambient temperature switches” (we would probably call it an air conditioner these days) seemed to affect the emission recall. More recently in 1996, there was a problem with the onboard software that seemed to alter the test results. Ultimately the only way validate emissions tests is to continually compare and contrast results from different locations.

The Hennessey Venom GT

Was the Hennessey Venom GT the fastest turnaround in production or was it just a complete ripoff of the Lotus? The evidence would suggest the latter, the chassis belonging to the Lotus Exige, according to sources. Though the manufacture involved various part of the Exige Hennessey remains adamant it is not associated with the Lotus—which doesn’t stop the car from being registered as a Lotus Exige (modified) with many DMV’s.

The Most Mysterious Controversy Yet

There was a limited number of the BMW 2002 Turbo, about 1700. There’s some discussion about why both Turbo and 2002 were written backwards on the vehicle, Journalists and police bemoaned this altered script, but it’s not clear why. Look into it yourself and let us know why you think this is a big deal (https://buy.motorious.com/articles/news/308437/bmw-2002-turbo-began-the-m-division).

Fuel from Water

There have been quite a series of water fueled car inventors that have spawned controversy.

The 1st thing you must understand is that there are two basic approaches to fueling a car with water. One is two split hydrogen out of the water using super-efficient nanotechnology to get as close to frictionless energy transfer as possible without breaking Newtonian physics, and the other is to toss out Newton and Einstein and use ninja techniques from Nikola Tesla’s mad years when he claimed frictionless forms of electricity exist. Guess which one is more accepted in the scientific community.

(For a deep dive on the technology follow this link. )

A company named Genesis World Energy/United Fuel Cell Technology patented a process to split water into HHO gas, and mixed it to create a fuel. Four years later, in 2006, after raising nearly three million dollars from investors, the owner of the company, Patrick Kelly, was convicted in New Jersey of theft.

In 2008, similarly named Japanese company Genepax announced a car that runs on water. But the company received a sound beat down by Popular Mechanics magazine. No lawsuits so far, let’s see what their 2016 claim to run a car on two cans of pop will bring.

Daniel Dingel, a Filipino inventor, also claimed to have invented a water-powered car. He applied for a patent, view it here, and in 2000, he talked Formosa Plastics Group to back him. They appear to have sued him in 2008 for fraud and won. Dingel passed away in prison in 2011, escaping the last 15 years of his sentence.

In 2015, a Swiss-French company, nanoFlowcell AG, came out with a whole line of water-powered cars. They, at least, have remained in business. Fending off initial concerns from skeptical journalists. NanoFlowcell doesn’t burn HHO gas, instead, it’s an electrolysis process powering a fuel cell through—you guessed it—a nanoflow process. But it’s a water-powered electric car by any other name.

In 2019 a Chinese company claimed they had created a car that ran on water by catalysing (or transforming) the hydrogen in the water. Many people felt this to be a scam. The Chinese government which usually funds car production in the country did not release a statement. It seemed that the science didn’t work and despite the unique technology that must be involved, no patent had been filed.

No further follow-ups of this story seem to exist online, so it seems most people’s suspicions were justified. Just a pie-in-the-sky, license-to-print-money exercise. It’s not clear however how they thought they could get away with it, you can’t market a water powered car without some kind of explanation. So perhaps this time they did make the discovery of the century and when the Chinese government realized it, they quickly squashed all talk of it.

In conclusion:

What will be the next controversy? Well, there are discussions about the safety of driverless cars and whether electric cars are as environmentally safety as advertised. Just another car controversy to be wary of. Just another day in the office around here.

Water-powered Cars

By Andy Bunch

When it comes to running a car on alternate fuel sources, one of the biggest issues is infrastructure. If it takes a nationwide network of fueling stations to make the car practical, then it’s not likely to happen quickly. Electric cars are no exception, largely because they require a special plug-in. However, since electricity is readily available everywhere it’s not an impossible hurtle to leap.

Another likely fuel source is water. Water is everywhere and even easier and safer to work with than regular unleaded or deasil. Or so you would think. But before we talk about the danger of water as fuel lets address the elephant in the room, how does one use water as fuel?

Water as Fuel!

H2O is the stable substance created by combining two highly flammable gases, which we commonly use to put out fires. Don’t blame me, it’s chemistry. Much like we can combine two poisons Sodium and Chloride into NACL and get ordinary table salt, we can take tap water apart and burn the hydrogen part of it. The only exhaust is water vapor which is generally accepted as environmentally okay.

Now to the potentially bad news. The process takes electricity and enough of it that we don’t really come out with a net savings of energy over harvesting fossil fuels. The other challenge is that you need to compress, or enrich, the hydrogen in order to turn it into a practical fuel. Do this too much and you get a highly radioactive gas.

To quote ourselves There are “two basic approaches to fueling a car with water. One is two split hydrogen out of the water using super-efficient nanotechnology to get as close to frictionless energy transfer as possible without breaking Newtonian physics, and the other is to toss out Newton and Einstein and use ninja techniques from Nikola Tesla’s mad years when he claimed frictionless forms of electricity exist.”

As you might guess the government isn’t happy to have one of those groups experimenting with a substance that could turn into something radioactive.

The Uphill Battle to Fuel Cars on Water

However, there is another reasonable explanation for the fact that we’re not all driving around in water powered cars. The fuel industry is powerful and rich. As an element of international relations, the world reserve currency is the Petro dollar—which means the US buying oil from nations that would probably rather destroy the US provides stability. So, there is a lot of push to avoid widespread use of alternative fuels.

In this best of the web our crack staff has gathered some great articles about the international efforts to create a water-powered car. To make it less serious we’ve embedded so cool videos.

Starting with the most noteworthy efforts of a swiss company to do it the right way and turn super efficiency into a working Hydro-car.

Story Link

Next is a tiny welsh company that is trying to convert transportation on their small island into all water cars.

Story Link

Check out these cool videos of water-powered cars

Indian Homebrew Water Car

The animated history of water as fuel.

This Isreally car runs on electricity AND water.

On the controversial side of things…

…and let’s face it, that’s more fun, these two items are worth a gander. The first is the story of Stanly Meyer’s attempt to create a perpetual motion machine using water. He died tragically, perhaps suspiciously while meeting with foreign investors. It’s worth looking into…

A Chinese auto company has recently made claims about hydrogen fuels cells, which the government of China has been rather quiet about. Either they were wrong and that’s why the silence…or they were right and that’s why the silence…

For a rather lengthy but super interesting dig into the topic of water-powered cars you can’t miss this post on medium. We’d have led with it, but you need to pay to read medium so not everyone will find this article helpful.

Other Research:

Story Link

Research Link

Motorbikes – Assembling and Testing.

If you respect motorbikes, generally speaking, you will be all right, but there is anecdotal evidence of people losing their lives in speed trials and other events. If you push your luck too much for too long, you’re asking for trouble?

If you just can’t wait to see what your new ride can do, and you decide to take it out on public roads you’ll have to contend with other forms of traffic. There is evidence that testers tend to ignore the posted speed limit of the roads. To be fair it’s hard to read the sign when you’re going that fast.

Manufacturers test on a closed loop, but not all new motorbike testing is done on a closed loop. Professionals also conduct road tests, which occasionally get out of hand. Although anecdotal reports of bikers testing their vehicles to 235 mph (in that case on a Vincent style motorbike) seem unlikely, it doesn’t stop motorcycle testers getting a reputation as a terror on the road. (Another report suggests the maximum was actually 150 mph but it doesn’t stop the job being a death trap.)

Motorbike Styles and Types

For the bigger names such as BMW the shaft, chain and belts differs between models. The biggest factor is the type of bike–off-road, sporting or a touring version. For those who like a bit of both, dual purpose bikes are available.

It can be a bit complicated for people to understand the various types but put simply the C series are maxi-scooters, the K series are four cylinder engines for the road and the S series are the sports series.

Working on Bikes

If you wish to rebuild an engine yourself you will need to examine its manual in minute detail, though you might need an extra manual such as those published by Clymer or the OEM service manual to get to the nub of the information.

You can only really know if you need something new, say a carburetor by taking it out and examining it. This is where the problems start as, if it’s fine, you’ll still need to know how to put the gaskets and such back.

Another thing to look out for especially with older motorbikes is rust; does it need to be cleaned off? The next mission is to look at the spark plugs and then after that look at doing an electrical check, it’s all a cerebral challenge for the novice.

There are stories of people moving from testing motorbikes to testing cars. So, promotion through survival?

You may have thought that choppers were bikes but there are a number of chopper motorbike enthusiasts who would argue that having two wheels doesn’t make it a motorcycle. To “chop” meant to strip the bike, get rid of the fenders for example.

Examples can be seen in the 1969 film Easy Rider.

Nowadays you can buy customized choppers which retail for tens of thousands of dollars. Which is one source of road testing instead of closed loop. Small custom shops are more likely to head out to the desert than rent a closed racetrack.

On your way to the desert you’ll need to navigate some regular roads with regular traffic. Of course, the first issue is if other drivers even see you. When you test on the Californian roads you may be looking at taking your life in your hands.

Aside from issues that all bikers face, there are some troubles that you might not think of. The problems may be due to the differences of bike available. Some are hefty Harleys, other are much lighter such as the Honda Fury. You really need to know your engine in order to be safe.

As well as testing new bikes you can test bikes for emissions and so on at garages. This must be a safer job because you aren’t travelling at speed. It probably doesn’t involve the same sense of thrill though.

Selecting a Merc

When selecting a Mercedes it helps to have a dedicated consultant. This one person who guides your client journey from the website to vehicle delivery. There is a backroom group of people checking that the car is the right color and age for you.

To help you when buying online it helps to be able to explore the exterior and the interior as well as being able to scroll over to change the design. The difficulty on buying online is you might be reducing the act of buying a car to deciding on the fuel type and the transmission-this can only be a starting point.

It helps too gaining information on the CO² emission and the transmission, but we’re not sure by how much. You can get confused by too much detail. The pictures tend to be what sell the car, ultimately.

There seems to be a big thing about having the selling price upfront. In other words, you can’t negotiate on the price. If you are buying online, it is hard to negotiate in any case, so it doesn’t seem that vital a selling point. Although it’s designed for help at the car dealership it might be construed as “we can’t be bothered to negiotate.” How upfront is the dealership being?

They may have a good argument. We associate negotiating with dodgy car salesman, even though you can negotiate with any retailer (not that you will always get the right result. It seems unusual for any retailer to advertise that you can’t negotiate, though many will advertise they accept buyers who lack good credit.

Still it shows that they are selling a premium product, which is presumably why it is on their website.

If you are looking for a vehicle which oozes style you require something like a Shooting Brake, SUV, Cabriolet or a Coupe.

But what exactly is a Shooting Brake?

The brake in the Shooting Brake isn’t a brake pedal but derives from an earlier form of brake used by horse-drawn vehicles when the chassis were used to stop the horses. It’s immediately clear how it is linked to this Mercedes specifically, but it does evoke an older style of vehicle and creates a feeling of individuality.

Shooting Brake

The name is used to distinguish Volvos and Scimitars from hatchbacks and wagons. A shooting-brake is a sleeker car than the run of the mill sedan and is more iconic in style. Unlike the sedan it’s not a family car, being a two-door vehicle but more of a car for the single man or for man about town.

Although Coupes tend to be two-door, Mercedes Coupes have four doors. In addition, it has a sloping roof. The Cabriolet is the one with a roof that folds up.

For space you need to look at vehicles such an Estate or MPV (multi-purpose vehicle). If you are looking for both space and style you should look for something like an SUV. If you require a family car look towards a sedan or a hatchback. It all depends on what you want from your vehicle—which is why you should employ a guide to help your search.