The Choice of Paintwork for Cars

How do you change the color of your car?

First, you could choose another solid hue.

This is reasonably easy, solid finishes only take three layers; the primer, the paint itself and finally the lacquer. This may be achieved in what is known as a “two-pack” where the paint and the lacquer is mixed together. There aren’t that many colors to choose from, just the usual red, black or blue.

Mixing Colors:

Most people don’t consider a mixing of colors and for good reason, it only works by placing light colors on top of dark ones, such as blue on top of black. And it’d be hard to keep to the same color, it will alter over time or through a repainting.

A problem that could occur if you’re not careful is layers separating creating a peel. These are caused by moisture entering the paint in the application process. Because people don’t like applying paint indoors it is a common occurrence, the only alternative is to apply the paint on a non-misty day.

Best Color:

The best solid color to paint the car is gray or silver as it doesn’t show the dirt as much as black or white. But even a gray car needs the occasional polish to make it presentable. Well, if it’s your pride and joy it makes sense to keep it in presentable condition.

Finishes:

Matte finish paint needs a special polish and shampoo when cleaning the car. Certain marks can create a permanent effect, for instance bird droppings, and should be dealt with straight away.

Another option is metallic finishes, providing a brighter shine than a solid color which is created by having aluminium or similar flakes in the paint. Unfortunately, it doesn’t add that much value to the car, so it’s only really done for cosmetic reasons. The refraction is best seen on a sunny day, though even when the skies are overcast it still creates a strong effect. There are further down sides to these types of paint as they show the dirt more and can make repairs more difficult.

Wraps:

Because a matte finish requires a number of products such as polishes in order to keep it free from blemishes a compromise might be to use a vinyl wrap. Using something like a car wash may still be out of the question though. The advantage of wraps is that you can simply redo the entire wrap without too much effort or expense.

The Best Answer:

The best type of paint is pearlescent, but this can be hard to purchase from the mainstream names. The pearlescent effect is caused by little pieces of ceramic which both reflect and refract natural light. As with metallic paint it does tend to show the dirt. Again, there’s not that many colors to choose from but pearlescent is a mixture of colors really so it makes no difference.

A Final Note on Cleaning:

When looking at shampoos one idea is to consider other people with a similar car such as yours. After all they will know what works with that type of paint.

Probably in custom painting your car you’re presenting yourself with problems further down the line. Whenever you get into a fender bender you will have to custom match that paint on the new panel. But if you’ve got the time it will definitely increase the look and the value of your car.

What is a Performance Car?

Porsche Cayman

A high performing car is obviously about speed, but also it needs to be able to use that speed safely. This kind of vehicle gives more power and acceleration (the 0-60 rate) than its weight would suggest. To be considered a performance car a vehicle needs to be above average in such variables as acceleration, reaching a top speed, braking and cornering.

Deep Dive on Cornering

Cayman who runs Porsche has explained the process of cornering as merely changing directions at speed – in other words having strong and quick reacting controls (which includes but it is not limited to steering) so you can change your mind in an emergency.

An essential part of performance cars is the power-to-size ratio. The performance car tends to have sporty, bigger engines. This trend can be traced back to Carrol Shelby who designed both Corvettes and Mustangs during his career.

McLaren

Performance Cars vs Supercars

The most well-known performance cars today are Porsche, McLaren and Ferrari, known as supercars, but Dodge is definitely an up and coming alternative. The Dodge Challenger and the Dodge Charger are two cars which can reach 200 mph and are more economical than the Ferraris of the world. So, a supercar is a performance car but a performance car is not automatically a supercar. The difference isn’t just price but things like custom made performance features in the case of a supercar vs factory made performance cars that are a little more practical in fuel economy and street legality.

Comfort and Amenities

A surprising thing about performance cars is lack of comfort. They tend to be much more about power and grip. The vehicle needs to be aerodynamically sound, so as to get rid of any bit of friction. They are known to for their strong suspension and the traction force on the tires. So in layman’s terms they will always look cool but seldom have a smooth ride or comfy seats.

Notable Performance Cars

Looking at the Dodge Charger you will see a sports sedan which makes it not as popular as its coupe rivals or the Ferrari types referred to, but it does have eight cylinders. Most coupes (two door vehicles) have a more classical look but if you require something more modern the Charger could be suitable for you.

The Toyota Supra has a six-liter engine which reaches 0-60 in 40 seconds. The Brembo brakes are one of the top selling points, they are one of the leading manufacturers of high performing brakes.

For those looking at a front wheel drive vehicle there is always the Honda Civic (R type) though it also has 4×4 controls. Is it the type of car associated with boy racers? Not necessarily, it has some space for the driver and passengers and a feeling of luxury. It’s just this one may not be a family car.

Giulia Quadrifoglio

Giulia Quadrifoglio has similar elements, a twin turbo and a rear wheel drive. The idea was to develop a new performance car for Alpha Romeo based on the Ferrari 458 Speciale platform. It has a host of extras from the Ferrari including carbon fibre on the hood. Not surprising since they borrowed a lot of Ferraris design team to create it.

In conclusion

What is considered high performance is constantly changing. Should you wish to improve the handling, braking or acceleration you can obtain performance parts. It is important that the part you purchase is correct for your make of car – you may know these extras as “aftermarket car parts,” it’s a phrase mentioned earlier in these articles. If you’ve had the car a few years it’s more likely to need these replacement parts.

Essentially a performance car is a sporty car which is designed to maximize your enjoyment; some could be described as “a car and a half” but all are about obtaining pleasure behind the wheel.

Top Car Shows That Should Be On Your Bucket List

Whether you love Ford, Chevy, or just want to see the latest automotive advances, a car show is the place to be. You will be able to see and possibly test drive the newest models and get the first glimpse of the latest concept vehicles. Car shows are fun, exciting, and even educational and you can be a part of it.

Here are our picks for the top U.S. car shows automotive enthusiasts will want to attend.

Top 5 U.S. Car Shows

1. Woodward Dream Cruise

Typically held in mid-August, Michigan’s Woodward Dream Cruise is the largest single-day event in the world. Held appropriately on Woodward Avenue in Detroit, over 25,000 hot-rods, along with classic and muscle cars are proudly shown off by their owners.

Whether you own a vehicle to enter in the parade or just love to look at a piece of automotive history, the day-long event is something everyone should experience at least once in their life.

2. The North American International Auto Show

Detroit, Michigan is home to the North American International Auto Show. If you’re curious about what next year’s models will look like or what concepts are in development, this is the place to be.

You can also catch some great concerts at the auto show, along with see which company takes home the award for ‘truck of the year’. If you’re interested in attending the auto show, it’s usually held at the beginning of June.

3. Bonneville Speed Week

If luxury isn’t important but speed is, head out to the Bonneville Salt Flats in Wendover, Utah. During August, vintage cars take over the salt flats looking to see which vehicle is fastest, along with trying to beat previously set top speed records.

The week-long racing event has been held annually since 1949 and it is still the largest. Teams race everything from roadsters, hot roads, and motorcycles, to belly tankers, streamliners, and lakesters. Every type of vehicle can be seen during speed week.

4. Pebble Beach Concourse D’Elegance

If you prefer luxury to speed and salt flats, Pebble Beach, in California, welcomes the world’s top luxury car models each year in August. The car show doesn’t just draw in luxury automobile lovers, but celebrities and some of the richest people in the world also attend.

Along with being able to see these fabulous cars, you can also get into the bidding. Vehicles are auctioned for large sums of money, and even if you don’t enter the auction it’s still fun to see what some of these rare luxury vehicles sell for.

5. The SEMA Show

November is when the Las Vegas Convention Center usually hosts the annual SEMA Show. The acronym for the Specialty Equipment Market Association, you can expect to see over 2,000 exhibits showcasing new components, parts, and tools. Everything an automotive mechanic or car enthusiast needs to keep their vehicle running and looking great.

Product demonstrations and educational seminars will also be held. Don’t forget about the after-party where you can mingle with celebrities and see award-winning custom automobiles.

Get Your Vehicle Ready for the Show

Whether you want to show off your vehicle or just make it there safely, there are a few things you need to do. After all, the last thing you want when showing off your ride is for there to be a problem under the hood. This also applies if you’re just planning on driving to the car show.

It’s often the little things that drivers forget, and these are the ones that can cause the biggest problems. Check your oil and other fluid levels. Think about the last time you had the oil changed, how long ago was that? Depending on the type of motor oil, you can go as long as 15,000 miles but this only applies to synthetic blends.

Consider having a professional inspection, the kicker always recommends Tire Kickers, but we’re biased—they sponsor us.

Checking the little things on your vehicle will help ensure you make it to the car show and if you’ve entered your vehicle it’ll be ready to impress the crowds.

The Future of Transportation

OP-ED by Stephanie Larson

With the interstate building project of the 1950s, most U.S. cities suddenly became connected by paved roads. What was once dirt and gravel roads became paved asphalt highways. For car lovers, these highways were a dream come true. Drivers finally had long stretches of paved roads where they could see what their vehicles could do.

Some thought the interstate system was the future of transportation, but technology is advancing and changing how drivers get around. Here are some automotive advances you should watch for in the coming years.

1. Self-Driving Vehicles

Autonomous vehicles are already here, and several car manufacturers have models slowly making their way up the guideline levels set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. There are four levels and two sub-levels vehicles have to pass before considered fully-automatic and safe to drive.

Most self-driving models are at level one. The vehicle reliably provides drivers with warnings and information. Some vehicles are in the early stages of level 2 for automated parking and highway driving. However, Google is currently the company ahead at level four. While the company’s vehicle is fully-automated there are still a few glitches that need to be worked out.

Soon, your car may be the one driving instead of you.

2. All Electric Vehicles

Hybrid vehicles are becoming more common as technology progresses. The batteries are capable of holding a charge longer and the vehicles are getting a little bigger instead of smaller. All electric models still won’t be larger than a small sedan for quite some time.

One of the appeals electric vehicles have is its simple components. Without the need for gasoline, several components will no longer be necessary. The essentially scale-downed vehicles are also expected to cost consumers less in the purchase price and maintenance.

These advancements in technology have even lead Bloomberg New Energy Finance to predict electric vehicles will comprise 35 percent of worldwide car sales by 2040.

3. Self-Driving Electric Vehicles

It’s not uncommon for technologies to mix. Smart cars owe their intelligence to computer technology. It’s not too far-fetched to imagine smart electric cars. Automobile manufacturers with eminent plans to release self-driving technology in 2022 now include giants like Ford. However, the automotive giant plans on using the technology in their hybrid vehicles first.

In the future, ride share services like Uber and others could do away with their drivers. When you use the app to order a ride, a self-driving electric vehicle shows up. Instead of bus drivers and train operators, public transportation could also become fully automated, along with electrically powered.

With these vehicles, you are the passenger.

What These Changes Mean For You

It’s impossible to stop technology advancing and this means changes, even in transportation. Self-driving cars, both gas and electric will be on the roads in the future. However, this doesn’t mean that your love of the open road has to change.

Electric cars don’t have the ‘oomph’ that an 8-cyllander engine has. Self-driving vehicles are still crashing into things on road tests. However, these glitches will be fixed, and these automobiles will become a common sight on the interstate.

There is one thing that will remain the same regardless of how far technology goes. Vehicle maintenance will always be important. Even self-driving electric vehicles need regular tune-ups. You will also want to keep an eye on the battery condition. This is something that you should still be doing regularly whether you drive a hybrid or have a gas engine.

Spare Tires and Run-Flats

The spare tire is still called a Stepney in India, Malta, Pakistan and so on. It originated with the Davies Brothers (it’s weird that so many innovations come from brothers). But it’s not what leaps to mind when you think of a spare tire.

Cars started out as a luxury item. They came pretty stock and were much more likely suffer mechanical failure then even to have a wreck. Prior to 1898 car wheels were basically wagon wheels, which didn’t go flat. Because wheels were usually made of wood or iron it was hard to keep a spare wheel—its pretty heavy to carry around and could even make a car top heavy and unstable.

In 1898 Charles Goodyear created vulcanized rubber and began wrapping wagon wheels in rubber, with an inflatable tube in it, like a bicycle tire. Then in 1904 the Davies brothers, of the Stepney Rubber Co. in in Llanelli, Wales, imagined a spare tire. The tire simply clamped around your existing tire and then was inflated by hand pump. Much like a modern donut spare it was only intended to get you home, then needed replaced. The nice thing is that you didn’t have to jack the car up to put it on.

It was patented in 1907. They tried to sell it to the US by their ideas were unfortunately stolen.

After only eight months they sold about a thousand without having to resort to advertising. A version of the Stepney Tire can be seen in the British Museum.

Where to Store a Spare

Carrying an entire spare tire came about later and was instantly popular. Sometimes there were a pair of tires behind both front fenders, sometimes they were in the cargo space, sometimes above the engine itself.

Nowadays the tires are generally stored in a well, a recess in the trunk, sometimes with a bolt and wing but fastener and covered by thick cardboard. They might be stored underneath the trunk in a “cradle” which allows you to change the tire without emptying the trunk. Unfortunately. it’s no good for four wheeled drive vehicles as the axle will get in the way of the cradle. So most 4-wheel-drive vehicles mount the spare to the front or rear of the vehicle.

In the case of rear engine cars and mid-engine cars (such as the F type Jaguar) have the tire at the front.

Run Flat Tires

The latest innovation to keep you from being stranded by a tire puncture is called a run-flat tire. These tires fill the inside air chamber with a honeycomb of stiff rubber that prevents the tire from completely loosing shape when it losses air pressure. Most vehicles that have run flats still carry a regular spare.

The first run-flat tire was created in 1935 as a rubber tire with inner fabric tire designed for trolleys and commuter trains. It was used for military vehicles as it was said to be bullet-proof. It wasn’t until 1958 when the costs came down that Chrysler and Goodyear teamed up to create a suitable vehicle tire.

In order to check the tires properly you need to invest in a tire monitoring system. A run-flat tire that has lost pressure is hard to recognize. If you think the tire has been punctured, you should the vehicle to see if it’s safe to drive. It’s not clear how slow you should drive a car with punctured run-flat tires, Audi suggest 20-30 mph, while BMW suggest less than 50 mph. It’s a good idea to stick to the back roads.

Opinions seem to be divided on whether it should be repaired or replaced when the “sidewall” has been punctured. The probable route is that you will have to replace the tire as it’s hard to find someone to repair the tire.

Increasingly, cars are coming with a small spare tire, called a donut, which is not meant to replace the tire for any length of time. It’s more crucial to replace the donut if it’s in the position of power (the rear of a rear wheel drive, or front of a front wheel drive) as the donut will cause your differential to fail.

There seems no real alternative to the spare tire as yet…

What has truly killed the need for a spare is road-side assistance. Most people prefer to sit and wait for help, over getting out on a rainy night and changing a tire.

What Is A Minivan?

The cynical answer is that it’s the 90s answer to the station wagon. While its true that the minivan supplanted the station wagon for family transportation, to sum it up that way is doing it an injustice. To be blunt, most style conscious families have moved on to SUV’s for their large transportation needs. But unlike the station wagon, the minivan never completely died out. Something kept it around.

So what is a minivan?

A minivan is recognizable as a smaller type of van which can hold and transport passengers in two or three rows. They tend to be lower to the ground than normal vans. They have better fuel economy than SUVs as well as having a flexible interior, meaning you can move the seats around more.

They are surprisingly spacious given their size. With 370 cubic feet it is an ideal way to carry either luggage or groceries. (This is the large minivan, by the way). There are also minivans with power sliding doors and lift-gates, everything you will need to transport your family or a reasonably large amount of cargo.

Mini-minivans?

Confusingly though not all minivans have the same capacity. The UK’s Compact MPV is a small minivan, if you can describe something in such odd terms. Then the company went on to make the Mini MPV which is built around the hatchback style and even smaller than the regular MPV. As with most minivans it has seats which recline, fold flat and may even be removed.

Historically

It could be argued that the first minivan was the VW bus, which came out in 1949. Technically known as Volkswagen Type 2, we tend of think of the VW Bus as another type of vehicle. For one thing it was targeted more at recreation than as a family commuter car.

The Ford Aerostar was one of the earliest modern minivans which were built between 1986 to 1997, making the minivan about 34 years old. Their factories were in Hazelwood, Missouri. Originally built with rear wheel drive it was changed to all wheel transmission. It has a range of transmissions from 4 to 5 speed manual.

Although its predecessor was the Ford E series it had a totally different shape, more van-like. They had better fuel economy than the later SUVs. Another feature was the flexible seating which probably why later minivans contain this feature. It’s not a shock that components which work are continued in later models.

The Metris, made by Mercedes Benz, are vehicles between small and mid-size. Van-like vehicles lack cargo space when compared to smaller trucks, though it’s better looking and better for passengers for something smaller? Still the Metris must be more than a delivery van which is how it is, somewhat rudely, described online.

The Dodge Grand Caravan is marketed as suitable for those on a budget. It’s a pity that it doesn’t have that many tech features, your children may require more USB ports for instance, but it does possess a 6.5 inch screen.

The Toyota Sienna has eight speed automatic transmission and has enough space for 57 average sized suitcases. It has emergency braking and lane keeping assist to its credit as well as all-wheel drive and adaptive cruise control (a system that controls the speed of the vehicle). In addition, it has 296-horsepower making it swifter than the usual minivan.

As seen from the examples above, the big selling point of the minivan is its versatility. It’s not just a family car it is also the perfect hire car, given that it can seat 7 or 8. It also makes a handy addition to the service industry even if a full-sized van will be able to store and transport more (though as said above the handling is not as good).

All combined, the minivan handles better than a full sized van, gets better gas mileage than an SUV, and halls nearly as much cargo as a small truck, but meets the needs of families—a dominant market niche. All told the minivan is likely here to stay.

Cobots and the Workings of a Car Factory.

Cobots is the nickname given to robots who build cars on an automatic assembly line (short for collaboration robots). These robots cost from $50,000 to $80,000 but the big expense with this type of machinery is maintenance and repair.

Why Robots?

The reason for using robots isn’t as obvious as you might think. It’s not necessarily about robotic precision and speed—humans are able to work as fast as accurate in most cases. It’s actually about the danger to humans from repetitive stress. A human the same motion over and over can build up an injury.

Humans also get bored doing the same thing over and over, which can lead to accidents that harm themselves or others or create a potential defect in the vehicle. When a robot does something wrong it does it every time which means when you discover the problem you can go back and fix them all. It’s expensive but imagine having random errors on random units and trying to find all of those.

Finally, certain chemicals that are used are harmful to humans. Paint for example. If a robot paints a car it can essentially move via conveyer belt to the next part of the process. In the distant past of the assembly line someone ran the risk of spraying the car, then the car sat until dry before moving to the next process.

Supervision:

The tasks are supervised by a computer program. The science of performing individual tasks depends on both geometry and timing. The program tells each robot where each part should be placed, how to rotate, where to weld, etc. It also supervises the rotating of parts and moving of the cars.

The first waves of assembly robots were all in cages, no doubt to protect human workers. Now there are fewer humans working in close proximity to the machines, so the robots seem to roam free. Most of them are based in one place but they give the appearance of being free compared to their predecessors.

Production Order

The first part of the car to be constructed is the floor. This is done through pressing steel. Next light robotic arms do tasks as diverse as screwdriving, wheel mounting and installing the windshield.

The arms use a combo of lasers and cameras so the item can be offset properly. Tasks such as welding require robots with longer arms. To perform the task properly every time the arms work along the same arc for an entire pass.

The robots need to work together. If the panels aren’t in the right place they can’t weld together properly. Some jobs are more complicated than others; windshield placing requires several vacuum powered functioned grips for example.

Other things you may not know about Cobots:

What people may not know is that robots also tend to other machines in the factory, for example automatic forklifts load and unload items.

Quality control is still performed by the human workforce.

Another thing people may not know is, like humans, robots tend to work on shifts. A robot can work for two or three shift operations until it needs to be replaced by another robot. Engineers are always looking for more accurate ways to the building of their vehicles.

As late as 2005 90% of all robots were found in car factories. Automating the process is about increasing the safety, quality and productivity. In the same way that conveyor belts were first used in the car industry robots have taken over auto factories.

As well as the co-bots many factories “employ” drones to check vital parts of the factory, such as delivery pipes. It saves humans from climbing around to check remote locations.

There is no end to a robots uses in a car factory. There were even reports that robots were making the coffee in one Ford plant – hardly the most dangerous job in the world, so maybe it was a PR stunt. Still, it shows their versatility.

Cars in Tintin.

“Herge’s Adventures of Tintin!” began the famous cartoon. Herge, whose real name was George Remi, certainly loved to draw cars and made sure they were full of intricate detail. It would take an age to show all the cars that featured in his books. Here is just a selection.

When drawing a car your mind goes into what makes a car a car. It’s the radiator, the color of the hub, the shape of the doors, the shape of the headlights (many are more than just round, they might have some decoration at the top) and so on. Some cars like a Peugeot 202 and a Land Rover which feature in the comics have a visible spare wheel at the back. It gives much more of a background style to the piece.

It’s not about drawing stationary cars, you need to look at movement. This is not about showing smoke coming out of an engine, a Lancia for example is shown which all wheels off the ground as if it going over bumpy terrain. A quick way of doing it was a squiggle shown next to car as if the car isn’t going to be at that point for very long.

The Model T Ford from Tintin in the Congo shows its distinctive canopy, side plates and visible axels.

Many cars seem to date from the 1930s, maybe this is where Tintin is meant to be set. Even comics which seem to be set in the 1960s, such as Destination Moon, include both a blue Dodge and blue Ford both manufactured in 1949.

Sadly not all the cars can be linked to real cars. There are number of cars in Tintin in America which are long enough to be Chevrolets, but not quite the pattern, the coloring is all wrong for instance. The cars driven in the part set in Chicago seem to have noticeable fenders, but there’s not that much which distinguishes them from other cars.

With a book like The Black Island you can see a noticeable love of British cars. Those who have watched the UK series Morse cannot help but recognize the hood of the Jaguar, in this case a Mark X.

Because the type of car dates a comic, when filming a book, many vehicles were replaced by other ones. Thomson and Thompson were shown driving a Peugot 201 in Black Gold, but that was changed to a Jeep.

The Calculus Affair is the comic book which features the most cars, including French cars such as 2CV (which is still recognisable as such despite being in a crashed state) and the Citroen 15 which has a noticeable sheen to the black paint.

With 205 vehicles to choose from, this is a gigantic subject and there is much more to say on the matter, including the advert that Herges made about Citroen cars. In the meantime check out François de Dardel’s website for a number of images from the comic books for a complete picture on the subject.

Dealing with Rust in Cars

Why does it happen? In older cars it can mean that scratches went untreated or that a below average paint sub was left in the weather with no protective coat of wax for too many years. BUT why do newer cars rust?

You may have noticed some rust on your car, which feels out of place because your car just isn’t that old. Well there are several reasons for this, but generally it’s the result of something that happened, or didn’t happen, during the production of the vehicle.

Most newer cars don’t get a rust problem, but it’s such a pain to deal with let’s look at it in this post.

It’s the places we don’t see which tend to be where problems flare up. One factor that causes the underside and the wheel wells to rust is that this area gets a lot of exposure. Rainwater falls on your car and runs off, but water in puddles on the road get picked up and thrown up into the car from underneath as long as the roads are wet.

However, all cars get exposed to rain so why do some rust? The second factor is a lack of under-sealing. Under-sealing is essentially a coat of paint, which doesn’t have to look good, it just covers the raw metal preventing rust.

You most often hear the term under-sealing from a car salesperson, but it’s a real thing. It might seem like they’re charging you for something and then waving a magic wand over the car, but mechanics do recommend an under-seal. Its factory standard for most cars made in the US, but imported cars are hit and miss. Japan in particular often skips the undercoat as they have milder winters and want the buyer to have the option of saving the money. Under-sealing is particularly vital to make sure that cars don’t rust underneath the trim and bumpers, and the wheel-arches. This tough pain cope with road chippings.

A third factor in auto rust is if salt is used as a deicer in winters, or if you drive on rough roads. Rough roads can expose areas of your suspension that aren’t really made to sit out in the open. Even if this is temporary it can introduce dirty water to these parts, which will act abrasively to create areas that eventually rust.

Vehicles which travel through salty water are more likely to rust because the salt will act on metals such as nickel and chromium. Cars with an underside of metals such as aluminium and magnesium are less likely to rust, which are generally modern cars. It’s the steel chassis which are the pain.

Prevention

To help prevent this you should wash behind the tires using clean, soapy water. Applying a pipe cleaner to hard-to-reach areas is also a plus. If there is an excess of paint or putty substance on the underside use sandpaper or an abrasive wheel to remove it.

Although pressure washers use massive amounts of water, they can also damage the underside and should be done sparingly.

Even when you get your undercarriage sealed.

The coating may get chipped when a person jacks up your car who doesn’t know what they’re doing.

Some “underseals” are a type of thick wax, which will prevent rust by denying air and water to the metal parts. It generally prevents rust but could melt in hot weather or be washed away too much water on the underside of the vehicle.

When you discover rust.

It’s best to start by cleaning surfaces like the wheelarch with a wire brush to remove flaking rust. Then apply a rust converter with a paintbrush for the best results.

Bitumen is a traditional patch for a rusty area, but it’s really inferior for a couple reasons. It doesn’t last that long. It should be applied with gloves and masks. It’s awkward to remove the excess. When dry it turns into a brittle substance and is liable to break off.

Some old-school mechanics will apply grease or old engine oil to problem areas. The problem is that this drip on the road and cause a hassle for motorcyclists and other road users.

When you have a classic car you will just have to face it, you will have to deal with tricky things like rust. It’s just one of those annoying things in life.

Noisy Engines

A car can produce so many niggling little noises and it’s best to get them dealt with as soon as possible. No one likes a car with too many splutters and spurts, though an amount of revving does sound attractive to the car buff.

If a car is running too loud this may be caused by a dirty sensor. The sensor causes too much or too little fuel to enter the engine, which makes it seem to the driver as though it’s running rough. Faulty spark plugs in contrast will cause it to backfire.

A knocking, or grinding noise is likely coming from a bad engine bearing – these are what the engine is sat on. Driving long distances will really bring out this noise. The bearings might not be shot entirely, if could be low oil pressure that indicates inadequate lubrication. Either way—it’s recommended that you deal with this as soon as possible.

Transmissions can be a source of noise. Having a low transmission fluid levels can damage the torque converter. If the transmission is failing see a mechanic straightaway.

If your vehicle sounds louder than it used to, another reason could be a damaged muffler. In this case you would hear the engine because it’s not being masked by the muffler. Usually one of your neighbors will clue you into this problem if you haven’t noticed yourself.

Noise Pollution

New plans to fine people whose exhausts are too loud involve using a noise camera. A noise camera might be better explained as a traffic camera with an audio sensor attached. Much like a motion detector camera, the noise camera will trigger when it detects a loud car and snap a picture of the cars number plate. A trial of this system in Edmonton, Canada just made people rev their engine around the camera producing inaccurate results.

Noise pollution makes lives a misery, and it’s not just uptight killjoys who have a problem with it. Too much noise can cause high blood pressure, stress eating and even type 2 diabetes. But the issue could be just too many vehicles in one location. If it’s the total number of cars, motorbikes and trucks you can still try to fine the worst offenders, but that means on the ground tickets by police. In reality, cars make more noise when starting up than running, and a little extra noise for a short time is considered acceptable. So, police would need to ticket only those who’s vehicles “run” loud, not just because they’re capable of being loud at times. No one likes an on-the-spot fine but it’s the only solution.

Other Possible Solutions

If engine noise is a problem a flame retardant pad under your hood can suppress it. It’s important to replace the item after a few years as when it becomes worn out it becomes useless. You can probably tell when it’s worn out as the sound will gradually come back.

Of course, the main reason cars are loud is because their owners deliberately changed the muffler. It’s not just police you get into hot water with when you replace your stock muffler to make your car sound more muscular. Like with your insurance company for instance. Most policies say that you shouldn’t alter your vehicle without letting them know. “Souping up” your exhaust counts as an alteration even though it doesn’t change your horsepower.

It’s increases the appeal to thieves. It’s more likely to be stolen and you’re more likely to want that feature in your replacement vehicle they buy you. So, it increases their liability and they’ll increase your rates. Not telling your insurer may make your policy invalidated.

One Final Note:

Technically when you modify a car it violates the warranty and wrecks the value, however if you do a good job it can make your car more desirable to people with the same taste—so it sells faster. Some exhaust replacement does improve performance. But think before you spend the money.

On that note, think before you make a ton of noise. Some noise is good, but go overboard and you’ll get a ticket.