In the 80s a number of station wagon were introduced and before the introduction of Coupes and Sedans. The number of strikes in the 80s meant it was a tough time for car factories.
A car which had the power of the Acura is unknown these days. In the late 80s they were considered pretty cool with 118 hp.
The Audi Quattro was truly iconic with five turbocharged cylinders. These hatchbacks took the world rallies by storm. Sadly, not many of them made their way across to the US; most of the cars were rather neutral in comparison. Despite some strong contenders’ acceleration wasn’t as good as today’s vehicles.
Vehicle that did make it across the pond include the Pontiac Firebird and the Ford Mustang GT. The price however has fallen down in recent years due to lack of parts. Who’d have thought red convertibles would go out of style, but everything has its period of glory.
As Chrysler merged with Maserati the Chrysler TC was born. The Chrysler company has created a number of improved vehicles since. They did have a 5-year warranty, including maintenance. In 1987 Chrysler purchased another big player: AMC.
Look at the Dodge Daytona with its dipping headlights. Again, the lack of horsepower let it down.
Although these cars may not yet be known as classic, they show their age.
You could adapt these cars to get a better horsepower but then you’d lose something of the essential flavor of these vehicles.
Obviously, there is political pressure discouraging everyone from driving their cars, but is it really going to work? Has it already worked? Or is the answer to simply make cars more environmentally friendly? Do the powers that be want us to buy more cars or less? These are some of the questions we’ll look at today.
Carbon emission problems are discouraging folks from driving yet the need for domestic manufacturing jobs means it shouldn’t affect people’s car buying habits. The answer could be electric cars—that seems to be what car manufacturers are planning to do in response to the situation. The environment seems to be leading car production decisions.
Gridlock & Congestion
One issue with simply reducing vehicle carbon emissions is that it doesn’t eliminate gridlock. Unlike traffic jams, which result from accidents or construction, gridlock is that annoying traffic slowdown created by having too many commuters on the road at the same time. Gridlock is named for the grid pattern of city streets where efforts to coordinate traffic flow breaks down when capacity is reached. Clearly, your city doesn’t need a good grid-like layout in order to have gridlock—London and Rome manage to lockup pretty well and their streets meander about in every direction, seemingly at random.
People dislike gridlock but it doesn’t seem to detour them from going out at the prime times of the day when everyone else wants to go out–commuters for instance. Most people start and end work about same time as each other, which creates high demand. The laws of fluid dynamics come into play and suddenly congestion slows you down.
We reference fluid dynamics because that’s truly what governs traffic flow. It’s worth noting that gridlock and congestion don’t occur when traffic stops, they’re already happening when traffic goes under the posted speed. The simple act of having too much traffic causes the roadways to reduce capacity for throughput. Think of it in terms of supply and demand. Since supply can’t increase to meet demand, the price goes up. What are we paying the price with? Not dollars but time. Time is more precious than gold because when it’s spent, it’s gone forever.
If you avoid the busy periods like rush hours you can avoid some of the gridlock.
Another way is to use public transport, although it cannot go exactly where the commuter wants to go and runs on it’s own schedule, and let’s face it, services are often delayed or interrupted. Even a gridlocked road may get you to your place of work quicker than public transport. So if you have a problem paying a lot of time to gridlock you may pay just as much for mass transit.
Traffic seems to be shrinking since 2007, also known as “peak car.” (Peak Car is a term that came from Peak Oil, or the theory that oil will become too hard to pull out of the ground, and at some point, no longer be cost effective.)
We know empirically that there are fewer cars on the roads because traffic cameras count the number of cars on high volume roads. But why? The population as a whole has continued to grow.
One possibility is demand reduction people are moving out of cities to rural places that don’t suffer congestion. We’ll return to demand in a minute. Another possible reason would be people using mass transit, but we also know the ridership levels and while they’re on the rise it’s not enough to account for reduced traffic.
The key way to tell if we’re truly diving less or if it just people not using high traffic roads (where they’d get counted), is if people are buying fewer cars. If we really had a peak car situation then you’d see people avoiding new cars in favor of cheap and plentiful used cars. And that has been a trend since 2016.
But as with everything in this article, Peak Car isn’t the only explanation for people buying used over new. As cars become too expensive, drivers are opting to share a vehicle or find an alternate way to get to work. It especially affects the supercar market but even names like General Motors are decreasing in new car sales.
Automakers are trying to respond to car prices by including high class extras, but the customer still needs to be able to afford these extras. Another possible way to counter the “too expensive” issue some auto makers are trying is to make cars less luxurious, cutting corners but not compromising safety.
This may be linked to the bad economy and people using public transit; however, affordability might not be the reason new car sales are down.
There are demand issues. The baby-boomers are starting to not be able to drive. More people are working from home and the unemployed don’t need to commute to work. The digital age means people don’t need to drive to go shopping.
A big reason both road use and car buying are down is that millennials just don’t seem to want to buy cars, or even get a licence. In 2008 less than half of eligible drivers had a license when in 1998 two thirds of the population used did.
Is the car no longer a status symbol? It seems to be the case with young people and the trend continues: 26% of US 16 years old had a license in 2017. However, many Americans love having a car, even millennials. Vehicle registrations did go up in 2018.
There are a number of factors which affect car buying, not just finances. Some people think the reduction of cars is cyclical; others think it may be more permanent. This is why e-scooters, e-bikes and mini-motos are trying to gain a foothold.
“Research and forecast firms Cox Automotive, Edmunds and J.D. Power/LMC Automotive expect sales declined about 1% last year to roughly 17 million vehicles compared with 2018. Such results are considered healthy but would mark the lowest sales since 16.5 million vehicles in 2014.”
Despite research into this field, no one exactly knows what the future holds regarding the car economy.
The Future of Commuting Based on Current Trends:
The way things are going seems to be moving towards self-driving technology and electronic technology and we are moving into SUV, crossovers, and trucks. The kind of car to get away from the crowd, not the urban dweller.
What about taxis and Ubers? 95% of all trips will be made by taxis by 2030. This could be a piece of the answer, if not the whole, no matter what forces are driving the problem. It resolves the gridlock issue and affordability issue, and even the environmental issue. People are using Uber and Lyft – $20,000 a year and many people feel they won’t go back to a private car. Didi, a Chinese version of this kind of service took 10 million.
When we combine the trend toward larger off road vehicle purchases with the increase in rideshare usage the trend is easy to predict—people in cities will increasingly avoid owning a car and people in rural areas will insist on having them so they can “get away.”
There are many types of vans, but it can be differentiated into small, medium and large vans, pickups, tippers, combis and minibuses. It comes down to how much space is required and whether you need load space or passenger space. Although coolness is not the first thing you think about with vans, some of them do indeed give a certain sparkle to your business or allow a strong vehicle for your large brood.
Small vans have a short wheelbase, an example is the Citroen Berlingo. The medium vans tend to more popular, like the Ford Transit. Large vans have, not unsurprisingly, a large wheelbase such as the Merc Sprinter.
The pickups may also be called trucks, they either have a two- or four-wheel drive. A tipper is a certain type of pickup which allows the content to be spilled or “tipped out.” (US we call them dump trucks).
Combi vans are designed to be multi-purpose, whether transporting cargo or people. Lastly the Minibus or MPV sometimes the seats can be removed as with the smaller models.
The Chevrolet Express, a full-size van is for a maximum of eight people and has a standard trim. Note too the cloth bench seats and the manual air conditioning. The platform shape is similar to the GMC Savana. In 2003 Cargo doors were added “to the mix”; in 2004 electronic stability control (also called StabilTrak).
The stability control improves the stability of the vehicle by detecting when the traction is lost-meaning that the brake has been applied. This can be fixed by oversteering or understeering and as a result reduces fatal accidents.
The Honda Odyssey can be described as roomy, whether we’re talking about cabin or cargo. To switch to cargo though you will need to remove the second row of seats. With a powerful V6 engine of 280 horsepower along with a 10 speed automatic transmission, and as far as the 2021 version is concerned an enhanced exterior and interior.
A special feature of the Odyssey is an in-cabin PA allowing everyone to hear the driver, even up to third row. In sorting out the aerodynamics the latest model has an interior which has shrunk slightly, but can still fit eight people in the back, so no great loss here.
Kia Sedona has many tech features but is not as big as the Honda. It has seating for eight. The miles per gallon may not however be as good as its rivals, but it has a comfortable, stylish interior, according to reviews. Its sales website speaks of a “stylish cockpit,” by which the mean bucket seats. But there’s not that much difference between the front and the back in terms of design.
The Ford Transit Connect offers more than the usual Ford Transit, having a whoshy four-cylinder engine and is designed to maneuver through large scale traffic. There are a few driver-assists here too. However, if you were a fan of the bright orange seatbelts there is bad news; these no longer feature in the 2020 model. Maybe you can live without them?
For those of you not familiar with “The Morgan” it is one of the oldest British car companies most famous for rebelling against the luxuries of modern motoring. In fact, the most common explanation for it’s popularity is nostalgia factor and the fact that it’s a “British” car company. In reality, not all current cars are over-engineered or excessively stylish so moving back to old ways isn’t exactly a real thing, and as of 2019 Morgan is owned by InvestIndustrial, who aren’t even British. Despite this, there is a six-month waiting list for these vehicles.
(This is not the time to go into the decline of the British motor industry, but it does seem a bit self-inflicted by the country and it might be drivers who suffer. Moving on…)
Morgan does have a long history though, all the way back to 1909, in some ways moving with the times but in most ways staying with the same, age-old methods. But for Morgan this formula seems to work.
The selling point was always to be small, lightweight and inexpensive. A great example is in the case of “The nuclear.” This small car attempted to fill the gap between motorcycles and cars, as cars at the time, were a bigger investment than they are now. While there has always been a market for a “semi-car” it usually came in the form of a kit car or a motorbike and sidecar. The Nuclear was a production model specific to this tiny niche market.
The Runabout cyclecar looks rather a novelty, but it’s worthwhile investigating. Despite being a three-wheeler, it has in its favor a V-twin engine and five speed transmission. The difficulty with the cyclecar is that it isn’t designed for long distance, especially with the ash wood frame rather than steel chassis.
The Runabout can’t be an easy car to market, it’s not exactly a company car or even a family car resembling as it does a tube on wheels. Morgan has sold it for several decades now, especially in the United States. Follow-ups include the 1911 Violette and 1914 La Vigne. The designs might be ancient but with an improved clutch and gears they are still being sold today. They are run by a twin engine.
The PlusFour hasn’t changed its “silhouette” (design) since the 1950s but it has added tech features. Even its name PlusFour conjures up another era. With a 65% increase in power and torque from the original model, and a top speed of 149 mph, it’s in keeping with the needs of today’s traffic.
Since you order these semi-custom vehicles before they’re made, you have a choice between manual and automatic (the automatic is eight speed and the manual is six speed). Another option is wire wheels or if you prefer alloy wheels in a number of finishes. Both have a digital info display.
Viewing a picture of these vehicles might make you think they’d take in a long time to start up but driving the 3-Wheeler for example is known as an immediate “get in and drive experience.” Exactly how it feels can only be realized by going throw the motions yourself, words can only say so much.
Maybe the Morgan makes a point about modern motoring being too sanitized, after all. There’s no reason why all automobiles have to be identikit versions of each other. Designers of vintage cars brought an aesthetic and feel to their work that most modern car companies don’t even try to replicate. There’s a reason why vintage cars are called vintage.
There are huge number of public spaces in European towns, especially in Italy, tight areas where it would be hard for sedans to navigate. Whether the roads are too rough, or the area is designated to pedestrians, it is not a place for normal cars. Added to this are car-free islands where there is no way to transport anything substantial to the place.
Is there a Motorized Vehicle Solution?
This is where you need some kind of minimalist car. What is a minimalist car? Well there are a few examples already in existence, and if the market demands it, perhaps they will design more.
In Slovenia, for instance, where the elderly and the infirm are moved about by Ljubjani or slow-moving taxis. But there are hundreds of such regions from the Spandau of Berlin to the Renaissance Quarter of Seville. There must be a market here for mini vehicles?
Such was the concept that Giorgetto Guigiaro hoped to innovate. One of the chief designers of Italdesign, he had created a number of specialist cars like the famous Delorean. Giorgetto was ahead of his time, thinking up concepts like ride-sharing long before others created it. Could he create a car that narrowed everything down to the basic essentials, for use in these urban enclaves where other cars cannot go?
A New Approach to A New Type of Car
In terms of car design, Italdesign does a little of everything, including creating prototypes for automobiles and design validation. At least according to their website. It’s not clear how validation differs from testing, maybe it’s about getting from a prototype to a product that can enter the market.
Guigiaro planned to get a minimalist car to market by 1992, but there’s little point in researching a new vehicle unless you plan for some kind of success. Previous attempts at minimalist cars, like the Sinclair C5, had a toy car look and feel. These cars embraced their identity as novelty cars and therefore had no mass marketability.
The car that Guigiaro came up with was the Biga, one of the first electric cars. This type of car looks more like a small van than a car and it has been built to save space.
Which parts did the vehicle need and what could be left out?
To look at the Biga from the outside you might find it hard to believe it is possible for this tiny a vehicle to transport four people. The way round this is to only to have the driver’s seat where it usually is. The other three seats are at 90° from the driver’s seat and access is only available through a back door. If each seat had its own door this would take up needless space.
You might have thought that the Biga was made of fiberglass, but it was actually made of a lightweight steel. The overall effect is a cube on wheels. Like a number of compact cars since, the Biga can be parked at right angles to the sidewalk (where the law permits), this allows you to easily fit three Biga’s in the length of two normal parking spots.
Not all cars can be Cadiallacs, there are hundreds of vehicles that aren’t there for the mass market. It’s hard to find accurate sales of the Biga. It would be difficult to judge those numbers in context if you found them. The reason is that the Biga is a cross between a novelty car and a mass market production vehicle—more in the category of a four-wheel drive off-road vehicle, only most off-road vehicles are still able to serve as a daily driver in a pinch. The Biga is the type of car which encourages creative thought and solves a problem, rather than one that makes a huge impression. So it makes a splash in its own way.
The 1960s was all about miniskirts and the
Mini itself. The Mini has a stronger link to the sixties than the Beatles or satire,
as the Mini was launched in 1960 itself, the satire boom and the creation of
Beatles occurred in 1963.
The Origins of the Mini:
Designed by Sir Alec Issigonis, who
although born in Greece inherited British citizenship through his father and
like many immigrants, saw himself as more English than the English. Many of the
cars he designed, the Austin and the Morris Minor had a distinctive look about
them, cars for a small family rather than cars where you could sit people in
the back seat and in the trunk. BTW: Kids in the trunk is totally illegal now,
but common at the time to make use of all the necessary space in a saloon car.
(BTW: a “saloon car” is a sedan.)
The reasoning behind the car was purely
practical, there was a fuel shortage after the Second World War and generally
only the breadwinner needed to get around. So many households made do with a single,
The Mini Cooper was one of the first
designs to be used as part of this first generation. The first car had an 848cc
engine, or 34bhp (brake horsepower), the equivalent to about 25Kw; so
practically all the power of a modern boiler. Obviously this had to change. A
modern Cooper has around 160bhp or the equivalent of 119 Kw, around five times
As well as showing itself as an excellent
racing car in the 1960s, it was driven by such diverse personalities as Paul
McCartney, Steve McQueen and even rival car maker Enzo Ferrari. It all came down
to convenience and the Mini was the ideal car for the time, working on the
success of similar small cars.
The Future of the Mini:
The Mini has been an iconic car for a
number of decades, but for how much longer can it continue? Ultimately, it all
comes down whether it can ride the storm of Brexit in Britain and whether it
can continue to offer something from its competition with less money to play
Let’s take a Mini Countryman it’s a modern
type of car, still a Mini but using the Crossover status. Some are known as
Countryman Coopers, some are not.
With a length of 2,670 mm and a width of
4,313 mm (which exclude the mirrors). The standard Cooper has a weight of 3,300
A Mini Cooper has a 0-60 rate of 7.3 secs. (The
average is about 10-12 seconds). A Porsche Skyrider can do 0-60 in about 2.1,
but then not everyone wants to drive a sports car. The acceleration rate is
dependent on the power of the engine, so we can assume that the Cooper has a
better than average powered engine- not something you might associate with a
In the End:
It should come as no shock that Sir Alec
become known as a “Greek God” in British car innovation. It would difficult to
write the story of the British car industry without him and Britons hope that
Mini manufacture will continue into the future.